Number of Prisoners in Russia
Statistics | Countries

Number of Prisoners in Russia

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Thousands Prisoners in Russia Includes prisoners in SIZO*, corrective colonies, prisons, and youth detention centers SIZO is a penitentiary institution that serves as a place of detention, providing isolation for various categories of suspects and convicted individuals. These include pretrial detainees, who are under investigation and awaiting trial; defendants, who are currently on trial; convicted persons, who are either awaiting transfer or in transit; and detainees awaiting extradition. Thousands Vishnevsky Institute of Demography (Demoscope Weekly) Russia

From 2005 to 2008, there was a significant rise in convict numbers, leading to an increase in the population within the penal system’s facilities, including corrective and educational colonies, pre-trial detention centers (jails), and prisons. While 2004 saw the lowest number of incarcerated individuals during that period at 764,000, this figure climbed to 888,000 by early 2009, marking a 16.2% increase from 2004. However, this was still substantially lower than the pre-2000 figures, which exceeded one million, comparable to the number in the entire USSR during the late 1980s.

The period between 2009 and 2022 witnessed a decline in prison populations, particularly between 2011 and 2012, when the numbers fell below those of 2004. By the start of 2023, the count had dropped to 433,000, 7.1% less than the previous year.

A majority of the incarcerated were in adult corrective colonies. Between 2010 and 2011, around 85% were held in these colonies, but this percentage gradually decreased to 83% between 2012 and 2014, 81-82% from 2015 to 2019, and 78% in 2020, dropping further to 75% in 2021. Notably, in the 1990s, about 70% of prisoners were in corrective colonies.

As of March 1, 2022, there were 351,300 individuals serving sentences in 642 corrective colonies, including 27,700 in 97 settlement colonies and 1,937 in 6 colonies for life sentences.

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Number of Prisoners in Russia:

Vishnevsky Institute of Demography (Demoscope Weekly)

Name Crime in Russia, 2022


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